Action Mapping by Cathy Moore

Introduction to Action Mapping by Cathy Moore

Action Mapping by Cathy Moore is a revolutionary approach in instructional design that emphasizes practical application over theoretical knowledge. Rooted in the principles of adult learning theory, it advocates for a learner-centric model, focusing on real-world tasks and challenges.

This method starts with identifying the desired outcomes and then designs learning experiences that directly support achieving these goals. It’s a stark contrast to traditional instructional models that often prioritize content delivery over practical application.

By adopting Action Mapping, educators and trainers can create more engaging and effective learning experiences. This approach is especially beneficial in corporate training and adult education, where practical skill application is key. Discover more about this approach on Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping blog.

The Philosophy Behind Action Mapping

Action Mapping by Cathy Moore
Action Mapping by Cathy Moore

The philosophy behind Action Mapping is deeply rooted in the idea that learning should be action-oriented and directly tied to real-world performance. It challenges the conventional wisdom of content-heavy instructional methods, advocating for a more streamlined, targeted approach.

This philosophy aligns closely with the principles of performance improvement, focusing on what learners need to do rather than what they need to know. The ultimate goal is to facilitate immediate application of skills and knowledge in real-world scenarios.

Cathy Moore’s model fosters critical thinking and problem-solving skills, preparing learners for practical challenges in their professional lives. It emphasizes the importance of relevance and context in learning, ensuring that educational content is not just absorbed but effectively applied. For further insights into instructional design philosophies, explore this comprehensive guide.

Step-by-Step Guide to Implementing Action Mapping

Implementing Action Mapping involves a structured, step-by-step approach that begins with identifying business or performance goals. This is followed by analyzing what learners need to do differently to achieve these goals, rather than what they need to know.

The next steps involve designing activities that help learners practice the required behaviors and then choosing content that supports these activities. This process ensures that every element of the training is focused on achieving practical, real-world outcomes.

This methodical approach is key to the success of Action Mapping, making it a preferred choice for many instructional designers. By following these steps, designers can create learning experiences that are both efficient and effective. Learn more about implementing Action Mapping with this step-by-step guide.–785315253774221159/

The Role of Learner Engagement in Action Mapping

Learner engagement is a central component of Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping, where the focus is on creating an interactive and immersive learning experience. Engaging learners in this way increases their motivation and enhances retention of information.

By involving learners in practical exercises and real-life scenarios, Action Mapping ensures that the learning process is not just passive but actively involves the learner. This leads to a deeper understanding and a greater ability to apply skills and knowledge in real-world situations.

The emphasis on engagement aligns with empathic instructional design, where understanding the learner’s perspective is key. By prioritizing learner engagement, Action Mapping creates a more personalized and effective learning experience. Discover more about empathic instructional design here.

Customizing Action Mapping for Different Learning Environments

Customizing Action Mapping for different learning environments is crucial for its effectiveness. Whether it’s online education, corporate training, or traditional classroom settings, Action Mapping can be adapted to suit various educational contexts.

This flexibility allows educators to create tailored learning experiences that meet the specific needs of their audience. By adjusting the approach to fit the environment, Action Mapping remains relevant and effective across diverse educational settings.

Such customization ensures that the learning experiences are not only practical but also resonate with the specific challenges and opportunities of each environment. This adaptability is a significant strength of Action Mapping, making it a versatile tool in instructional design. Explore more about customizing learning environments here.

Overcoming Common Challenges in Action Mapping

While Action Mapping is a powerful instructional design tool, practitioners often face challenges in its implementation. Common issues include resistance to change from traditional content-heavy approaches and difficulties in aligning learning activities with specific performance goals.

To overcome these challenges, it is essential to communicate the benefits of Action Mapping clearly and involve all stakeholders in the design process. This includes aligning the training with business objectives and ensuring that learning activities are closely related to real-world tasks.

By addressing these challenges head-on, educators and trainers can fully leverage the potential of Action Mapping to create impactful learning experiences. Understanding and navigating these obstacles is key to the successful application of Action Mapping. For a deeper dive into overcoming these challenges, check out this resource.

Integrating Technology in Action Mapping Strategies

Integrating technology in Action Mapping strategies enhances the effectiveness and reach of the learning experience. Digital tools and platforms can be used to create interactive, engaging content that resonates with modern learners.

This integration allows for the use of simulations, gamified elements, and virtual environments, providing learners with a hands-on, immersive experience. Technology also enables scalability and accessibility, allowing learners to access training anywhere and anytime.

The use of technology in Action Mapping aligns with the trends in e-learning and digital education, making learning more flexible and learner-centric. Incorporating these technological aspects ensures that Action Mapping remains relevant in the rapidly evolving educational landscape. To understand more about integrating technology in instructional design, visit this guide.

Assessing and Measuring the Impact of Action Mapping

Assessing and measuring the impact of Action Mapping is crucial to understand its effectiveness. This involves evaluating whether the learning experiences are successfully translating into improved performance and achieving desired outcomes.

Metrics and analytics play a key role in this process, providing tangible evidence of the training’s impact. This evaluation is not limited to traditional methods like tests and quizzes but extends to observing changes in behavior and performance in real-world scenarios.

Effective assessment ensures that Action Mapping is not just an educational exercise but a tool that delivers measurable results. This focus on impact assessment is fundamental to the success of any Action Mapping initiative. For more on assessment in instructional design, explore this resource.

Case Studies: Real-World Applications of Action Mapping

Real-world applications of Action Mapping are best illustrated through case studies. These examples showcase how different organizations have successfully implemented Action Mapping to address specific learning and performance challenges.

From corporate training programs to higher education courses, these case studies demonstrate the versatility and effectiveness of the Action Mapping approach. They provide insights into how the method can be adapted to various contexts and learning objectives.

These real-world examples serve as powerful testimonials to the impact of Action Mapping in improving learning outcomes and organizational performance. For an in-depth look at real-world applications of Action Mapping, check out this article.

Comparing Action Mapping with Traditional Instructional Design Models

Comparing Action Mapping with traditional instructional design models highlights its unique approach and benefits. Unlike traditional models, which often focus on content delivery, Action Mapping prioritizes actionable skills and real-world application.

This comparison sheds light on the evolution of instructional design and the shift towards more learner-centric, performance-oriented approaches. Action Mapping stands out for its practicality, engagement, and alignment with real-world tasks.

Understanding these differences is crucial for educators and trainers to choose the most effective approach for their specific context. For a detailed comparison of instructional design models, including the Gerlach-Ely model, visit this link.

Advanced Action Mapping Techniques for Experienced Practitioners

For experienced practitioners, advanced Action Mapping techniques offer opportunities to further enhance the learning experience. These techniques involve integrating complex scenarios, employing sophisticated assessment methods, and leveraging cutting-edge technology.

These advanced strategies allow for the creation of highly engaging, challenging, and customized learning experiences. They cater to a variety of learning styles and needs, making the training more effective and impactful.

Experienced designers can use these techniques to push the boundaries of traditional instructional design and create innovative, learner-centered solutions. For more on advanced instructional design techniques, explore this comprehensive guide.

Future Trends and Developments in Action Mapping

The future of Action Mapping is likely to be shaped by ongoing developments in technology and educational theory. Emerging trends such as artificial intelligence, augmented reality, and adaptive learning systems are set to further enhance the capabilities of this approach.

These advancements promise to make learning experiences even more immersive, personalized, and effective. The integration of these technologies will allow for more nuanced and sophisticated applications of Action Mapping.

Staying abreast of these trends is crucial for instructional designers to continue delivering high-impact, innovative learning experiences. To stay updated on the latest developments in instructional design and Action Mapping, keep an eye on resources like Cathy Moore’s blog.

Action Mapping by Cathy Moore, is a pragmatic approach designed to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of training within the corporate landscape. At its core, it’s about forging a direct pathway from business objectives to the requisite activities that foster real-world competency, rather than merely being a vessel of informational delivery. Here’s a precise delineation of its tenets and applications based on the gleaned articles:

1. Streamlined Training Design:

  • Action Mapping is delineated as a streamlined method to concoct training in the corporate milieu. It directs designers towards a commitment to measurably ameliorate business performance, pinpoint the optimal solution to a performance issue, and, where training is imperative, construct realistic practice activities as opposed to mere information presentations[9].

2. Educational Applications:

  • In a scholastic setting, Action Mapping was deployed to fulfill the objectives of a Neuroeconomics course designed for non-major students. The essence was to impart collegiate skills that are transferable to any academic or professional trajectory, whilst also delivering content worthy of both social and natural science credits[7].

3. Motivational Framework:

  • Crafted in 2008, Action Mapping serves as a scaffold for the Instructional Design across various training modalities including eLearning. It’s perceived as a refreshing deviation from many traditional Instructional Design frameworks as it inherently motivates learners through realistic activities which enable the practice of acquired skills, in lieu of merely hurling information at them[8][9].

4. Activity-Centric Training:

  • Moore elucidates that Action Mapping aids in eschewing the common pitfall of information dumps, and instead, propels towards a more activity-centered training paradigm. This orientation not only enhances engagement but also fortifies the practical applicability and retention of the learned material[10].


  • Action Mapping: A method aimed at designing training that aligns with business goals, emphasizes practical engagement over informational overload.
  • Instructional Design: The practice of creating educational or training materials and experiences in a systematic and efficient manner.
  • Information Dump: A colloquial term denoting the overloading of information, often seen as counterproductive in learning environments as it may hinder retention and application of knowledge.

These elucidations collectively embody the crux of Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping, underlining its potential to foster a more engaged, practical, and ultimately, a more effective learning milieu.

  1. Cathy Moore’s blog post, “Action Mapping: A Visual Approach to Training Design,” on

  2. Article titled “Using Action-Mapping to Design a Non-Majors Neuroeconomics Course to Foster the Development of Collegiate Skills in First-Year Students,” on

  3. “Using Action Mapping To Motivate Your Learners,” featured on
  4. “Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping: How Does It Motivate Learners?” also on

  5. “Action Mapping and Activity Design with Cathy Moore,” found on



  1. [9] Cathy Moore’s blog post:
  2. [7] NCBI Article:
  3. [8] eLearning Industry Article:
  4. [9] eLearning Industry Article:
  5. [10] Leading Learning Article:

Power Apps and SharePoint 365: an Introduction


The integration of Power Apps with SharePoint 365 brings a transformative change in how businesses manage data and automate processes. This article aims to give you an end-to-end understanding of how to effectively use Power Apps in a SharePoint 365 environment. Gone are the days when InfoPath was the go-to solution for custom forms; Power Apps offers a more dynamic and mobile-friendly alternative. The integration offers not just flexibility but also a rich set of functionalities to create apps that solve business challenges. Whether you’re a seasoned SharePoint administrator or a beginner stepping into the world of Power Apps, this guide will provide you with valuable insights. We’ll explore everything from permissions and roles to advanced functionalities like offline capabilities and version control. By the end of this article, you’ll be equipped to start your own Power Apps project in SharePoint 365.

Why Use Power Apps with SharePoint 365?

Power Apps provides a seamless, user-friendly experience that complements SharePoint 365’s robust data management capabilities. The integration allows for more flexible form designs, enabling organizations to customize data collection according to specific needs. Moreover, Power Apps helps streamline business processes by automating workflows, leveraging SharePoint lists, and libraries as data sources. The added mobility means that users can access these custom forms and apps on any device, anywhere, thereby improving productivity. Also, Power Apps’ real-time collaboration features allow multiple users to work together effortlessly. When you couple Power Apps’ scalability and customization with SharePoint’s enterprise-grade data management, you’ve got a winning combination.

Understanding Permissions and Roles

SharePoint Level

SharePoint offers several permission levels to cater to different user needs, including Full Control, Contribute, and Read permissions. Full Control gives users the ability to manage settings, lists, and even permissions themselves. Contribute allows users to add, edit, and delete list items and documents. Read permission, as the name suggests, allows users to view pages, list items, and download documents. Understanding these permissions is crucial for effective integration with Power Apps, as they dictate what users can and can’t do within the app.

Power Apps Level

In Power Apps, permissions play a pivotal role in managing and using apps. Owners have full control over the app, including its design and whom it’s shared with. Contributors can edit the app but can’t share it with others. Users can only use the app and don’t have permissions to alter its design or functionality. Each role offers different capabilities, and understanding these can help you allocate resources more effectively during app development.

Setting Up Your SharePoint Environment

Before diving into Power Apps, ensuring your SharePoint environment is well-configured is crucial. Start by setting the appropriate permission levels for users who will interact with your SharePoint lists or libraries. Enabling versioning in your lists allows you to keep track of changes, which can be invaluable for auditing and data recovery. Also, organize your list columns and views in a way that aligns with how you want them to appear in your Power App. If your organization uses different types of forms, consider setting up SharePoint Content Types to manage this effectively.

Connecting SharePoint with Power Apps

Connecting SharePoint to Power Apps is a straightforward process. Simply select SharePoint from the list of data sources in Power Apps and authenticate your account. It’s crucial to understand the read and write permissions you’ll need; they directly impact what your app can or can’t do. After establishing the connection, Power Apps will initialize a set of default forms and controls based on your SharePoint list. Once connected, you can begin manipulating SharePoint data right from within your Power App.

Building Your First SharePoint-Powered App

Creating an app in Power Apps that’s driven by a SharePoint list is incredibly intuitive. You can start by clicking the ‘Create an App’ button in your SharePoint list, or go to the Power Apps portal and select a SharePoint list template. Power Apps provides a host of customization options, allowing you to add or remove screens, modify data cards, or even incorporate additional controls like sliders and galleries. Whether you’re building a simple task tracker or a complex business workflow, the design interface offers the flexibility to make the app truly your own.

Data Operations in Power Apps

Data manipulation is at the core of any app built on SharePoint 365 via Power Apps. You can Create new records (Add), Read existing data (Retrieve), Update records (Edit), and Delete records (Remove) using Power Apps functions like Patch, Collect, UpdateIf, and Remove. The ability to perform these CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations gives you the flexibility to manage your SharePoint data dynamically. Understanding how to efficiently utilize these functions enables you to create apps that not only display data but also manipulate it in a way that suits your business needs.

Advanced Functionality

Offline Capabilities

For those who require accessibility to apps even without an internet connection, Power Apps offers offline capabilities. You can use collections to temporarily store data locally, and the SaveData and LoadData functions enable you to persist this data between app sessions. These features make sure that your app remains functional even when you’re offline.

Throttling and Delegation

When working with large SharePoint lists, being aware of throttling limits and delegation is essential. Power Apps has certain limitations when querying large lists, and understanding these can help you design more efficient apps. Delegation allows the app to offload data processing to the SharePoint server, making it possible to work with large datasets without running into performance issues.

Error Handling and Notifications

Error handling in Power Apps is vital for providing a smooth user experience. Functions like OnError and OnSuccess allow you to define actions when an operation fails or succeeds. Using the Notify function, you can provide users with real-time feedback, which helps in guiding them through the required actions or informing them of any issues.

Sharing and Deploying Apps

Once you’ve built your Power App, sharing it is as simple as clicking the ‘Share’ button and specifying who can use or edit the app. You can set permissions at different levels, allowing you to control who has access to your app. It’s advisable to share the app with SharePoint Groups or Office 365 Groups instead of individual users, as this simplifies management. When you’re confident about the app’s stability and functionality, you can deploy it across teams or entire departments.

Best Practices

Version control in Power Apps is essential for tracking changes and makes it easier to revert to previous versions if needed. Always document your app’s functionalities and any custom code you’ve added; this will be invaluable for future maintenance or updates. Before full-scale deployment, testing the app with a smaller group of end-users can provide critical insights. It’s also beneficial to establish a feedback loop for continuous improvement.


Integrating Power Apps with SharePoint 365 offers a robust solution for creating dynamic, mobile-responsive apps that can transform business processes. This article has covered everything from setting up your SharePoint environment to building and deploying apps using Power Apps. Whether you are a business owner looking to streamline operations or a developer interested in building powerful applications, the synergy between Power Apps and SharePoint 365 provides an array of possibilities. So, what are you waiting for? Dive in and start building your Power Apps today.

Additional Resources

For those looking to explore further, there are plenty of tutorials, documentation, and community forums available online. Websites like the Power Apps Community and Microsoft’s own documentation are excellent starting points. Books on Power Apps and online courses can also provide you with

SharePoint and Power Apps Permissions to Replace InfoPath Forms

When you’re a SharePoint content developer tasked with replacing obsolete InfoPath forms with Power Apps, there are some optimal settings and configurations to consider for both SharePoint and Power Apps. These help ensure you have the right permissions, functionality, and data connectivity.

SharePoint Settings:

  1. Permission Levels: Make sure you have at least “Contribute” permissions on the SharePoint list or library where the form will reside. Ideally, you would have “Full Control” or “Design” permissions during the development stage.
  2. Versioning: Enable versioning in the SharePoint list. This is useful for tracking changes and is essential if your Power App will modify list data.
  3. Columns and Views: Set up your SharePoint list columns and views precisely as you’ll need them in Power Apps. The types of columns (Choice, Lookup, etc.) can impact how you’ll design the app.
  4. Content Types: If you’re using multiple forms or have various types of entries, consider using SharePoint Content Types.

Power Apps Settings:

  1. Environment: Use a Development environment distinct from the Production environment. This way, you can test changes without affecting end-users.
  2. Connection: Make sure you connect to SharePoint as a data source and double-check the connections to ensure you have read and write permissions.
  3. App Permission: Set the app permission level to “Can Use” for normal users and “Can Edit” or “Is Owner” for developers or admins.
  4. Sharing and Groups: Share the app with relevant SharePoint Groups or Office 365 Groups instead of individual users for easier management.
  5. Error Handling and Notifications: Implement robust error handling, and use Power Apps’ notification function to guide or inform users about actions they need to perform or avoid.
  6. Offline Capability: If needed, configure the app for offline use by utilizing collections and the SaveData/LoadData functions.
  7. Version Control: Power Apps allows you to restore to previous versions, but having an additional version control mechanism like exporting the apps is a good practice.
  8. Throttling and Delegation: Be mindful of data limitations and delegation while querying SharePoint lists, especially if your lists have a large number of records. Know the delegation limits and plan your data queries accordingly.
  9. Testing: Test the app with a smaller group of end-users first, collect feedback, and make necessary changes before rolling it out organization-wide.

By carefully configuring your settings at both the SharePoint and Power Apps levels, you’ll be better positioned to successfully replace your outdated InfoPath forms.

Power Apps Roles and Permissions – Microsoft 365

Power Apps Roles and Permissions

In the context of Power Apps, permissions and roles are typically managed at different levels, each serving its own purpose. Here’s a breakdown:

Environment Level

An environment is a container for apps, flows, and data. It’s a boundary that separates one collection of apps, flows, and resources from another. At this level, roles include:

  • Environment Admin
  • Environment Maker
  • Environment User

App Level

These are specific to individual Power Apps you build.

  • Owner
  • Contributor
  • User

Data Source Level

This pertains to the underlying data source permissions. If you’re using SharePoint, for example, then SharePoint permissions would apply (Read, Write, Full Control, etc.).

Custom Roles

If you’re using the Common Data Service (now part of Microsoft Dataverse), you can also define custom roles.

Tenant Level

This is more of an overarching administrative role and less specific to Power Apps. Roles like Global Admin or Service Admin would fall under this category.

Power Platform Admin Center

Here you’ll find additional roles like the Power Platform admin role, which gives individuals access to the admin center where they can manage environments and settings across Power Apps and other Power Platform products.

Security Groups

You can use Azure AD security groups to manage a collection of users. You can then assign these groups permissions in Power Apps instead of assigning permissions to individual users.

Shared with Everyone

This isn’t a role per se, but it’s a permission setting you should be aware of. If you publish a Power App and mark it as ‘Shared with Everyone,’ anyone in your organization can access it.


The Profession of Instructional Design

Instructional Design (ID), also known as instructional systems design, is the practice of systematically designing, developing, and delivering instructional materials and experiences. This field, deeply rooted in cognitive and behavioral psychology, has evolved to embrace constructivist perspectives, emphasizing learner-centered education. The process involves analyzing learner needs, defining instructional goals, and creating interventions to facilitate the transition of knowledge.

Key Elements of Instructional Design:

  • Systematic Approach: ID involves a structured method, often based on models like ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation).
  • Diverse Applications: It spans various sectors, including military, academia, and industry.
  • Evolution with Technology: The integration of technology, especially with the advent of online learning, has significantly transformed instructional design.

Becoming an Instructional Designer:

  1. Educational Foundation: A background in education, psychology, or a related field is often beneficial. Degrees specifically in instructional design or educational technology are increasingly available.
  2. Understanding Learning Theories: Familiarity with cognitive, behavioral, and constructivist learning theories is crucial.
  3. Technical Skills: Proficiency in e-learning platforms, authoring tools, and multimedia production can be essential.
  4. Practical Experience: Gaining experience through internships or entry-level positions in educational institutions, corporations, or e-learning companies is valuable.
  5. Continuous Learning: Keeping abreast of the latest trends in technology and learning theories is vital.

Online Learning: A New Frontier in Instructional Design

  • Transformation of Learning Spaces: Online learning has expanded the scope of ID, requiring designers to create engaging and effective digital learning environments.
  • Learner-Centric Approaches: The shift towards constructivist theories emphasizes creating authentic, real-world learning environments.
  • Technological Integration: The use of multimedia, interactive modules, and adaptive learning technologies is central to modern instructional design.
  • Continuous Innovation: Rapid prototyping and iterative design processes are increasingly adopted to enhance online learning experiences.

For a more comprehensive understanding, you might find these resources insightful:

Linux Foundation Courses

Benefits Of A Linux Certification

One of the main benefits of getting a Linux certification is that you can go on to become a Linux administrator. The salary range for this is excellent, with opportunities to earn more with the more knowledge you acquire and time you spend in this position. There are many different Linux certifications that you can achieve, and this can be done through the range of courses that are on offer. The more you do, the more knowledge you will have, and the more likely you are to get a higher paid position as administrator.

If you are aiming to work for a company, a Linux Foundation certification is going to set you apart from the rest of the candidates applying. The reason for this is that those who are certified by the Linux Foundation are known to be the best in the business. Companies are more likely to hire someone who has this certification over someone who hasn’t.

Learning to use Linux also isn’t that difficult. It might take a little while to get your head around all the differences between it and some other operating systems, but once you get there it is relatively simple. It’s like riding a bike, one you know, you know, and from there you’re only going to need to concern yourself with learning about any updates that may happen.

An awesome resource to exploit for Linux Certification is The Linux Foundation. Learn all about the Linux Foundation.

The Course You Need In Simple Steps

When trying to learn something new, you need a course that you can understand. You don’t want to be bombarded with information that is being presented to you in words you don’t understand, and coming at you all at once. Instead, you need a course that goes at a manageable speed so that you can keep up, and explains everything that is going on. It’s for this reason that the Linux Foundation courses are so good. They work at a pace that suits you, while ensuring that you are getting the most out of this experience.

The last thing that you need is for the course to end and to be staring at your screen wondering what on earth just happened. All of our courses are broken down into basics, so that even people with no prior knowledge will be able to understand what the course is talking about. It might take you a little while to fully grasp everything, but that’s what the course is for.

You may be wondering what courses are needed to become a Linux administrator, and the short answer is the ones that we have got on offer here at the Linux Foundation. We provide you with all the necessary information that you need, in courses that will prepare you for life as a Linux administrator.

Cathy Moore Action Mapping

Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping: Revolutionizing Instructional Design

In the dynamic field of instructional design, Cathy Moore Action Mapping stands out as a groundbreaking approach. This learner-centric model, crafted by renowned instructional designer Cathy Moore, has reshaped the way educators and corporate trainers design learning experiences. At its core, Action Mapping focuses on achieving real-world performance goals rather than merely transmitting information.

Originating as a response to traditional, content-heavy instructional methods, Action Mapping challenges educators to start with the end in mind. It asks a pivotal question: “What do learners need to do with the information, rather than just know?” This shift towards action-oriented learning underscores Moore’s philosophy: engaging learners in practical activities that directly relate to their job performance or real-life applications.

Action Mapping is particularly relevant in online education. It advocates for concise, interactive, and scenario-based learning modules, moving away from lengthy lectures or text-heavy courses. This approach aligns perfectly with the digital age’s demand for quick, impactful learning experiences that respect the learner’s time and intelligence.

The method is characterized by four critical steps: identifying business goals, pinpointing what learners need to do to achieve these goals, designing activities that enable these actions, and selecting content strictly necessary to complete the activities. By doing so, Action Mapping ensures that every piece of content and every activity directly contributes to the learning objectives, making it an incredibly efficient and effective instructional design strategy.

Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping has been widely adopted in various sectors, from corporate training to higher education, revolutionizing how instructional content is created and delivered. Its emphasis on practical application, engagement, and efficiency makes it a vital tool for any educator or instructional designer looking to make a tangible impact in their learners’ professional and personal lives.

Understanding the Fundamentals of Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping

Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping is a transformative approach in instructional design, focusing on actionable learning rather than just knowledge dissemination. This method, deeply rooted in cognitive psychology, emphasizes the need for learners to actively engage with the content, fostering a deeper understanding and retention.

In this model, designers begin by identifying the desired performance outcomes, then work backwards to create learning activities that directly support these objectives. This ensures that every element of the training is aligned with the learner’s needs and the organization’s goals.

The emphasis on action rather than passive consumption of information makes Action Mapping a powerful tool in contemporary education and training environments. By leveraging this approach, educators and trainers can create more effective and engaging learning experiences that resonate with learners and produce measurable results. Explore more about this innovative approach on Cathy Moore’s blog here.

Implementing Action Mapping in E-Learning Design

Integrating Action Mapping into e-learning design revolutionizes the online educational experience. It’s about creating a digital learning environment where activities are not just informative but are designed to simulate real-world challenges and decision-making.

This method facilitates deeper engagement by prompting learners to apply their knowledge in practical, often complex, scenarios. By doing so, e-learning modules become more than just a transfer of information; they become a testing ground for skills and decision-making.

Action Mapping in e-learning also aligns well with empathic instructional design, which is essential for creating courses that are truly learner-centered. By focusing on the learner’s experience and outcomes, designers can create e-learning courses that are not only informative but also emotionally engaging and relevant. To understand more about empathic instructional design, read further here.

Aligning Business Goals with Learning Outcomes in Action Mapping

Action Mapping is particularly effective in aligning business goals with learning outcomes. It starts with a clear understanding of what the organization aims to achieve and then designs learning experiences that directly contribute to these objectives.

This alignment ensures that training programs are not just educational but also strategic tools in achieving business goals. By focusing on what learners need to do differently, Action Mapping translates educational content into tangible business results.

This approach is a departure from traditional education models that often prioritize content over application. By aligning learning objectives with business goals, Action Mapping ensures that the training is relevant, targeted, and has a direct impact on organizational performance. For a deeper understanding of this alignment, you can read more here.

Engaging Learners with Interactive Design: Insights from Action Mapping

Interactive design is a cornerstone of Action Mapping, involving learners in a way that traditional instructional methods often fail to achieve. This approach leverages interactive elements like simulations, gamified learning experiences, and scenario-based activities to engage learners actively.

These interactive designs are not just for engagement; they are carefully crafted to mirror real-life situations, thus preparing learners for actual job challenges. By doing so, Action Mapping elevates the learning experience from theoretical knowledge to practical skill application.

This approach resonates particularly well with discovery learning, where learners are encouraged to explore and find solutions independently. Action Mapping’s interactive design elements facilitate this exploration, making learning an active, engaging process. For more insights on discovery learning, visit this link.

Streamlining Content: The Key Principle of Action Mapping

At the heart of Action Mapping is the principle of streamlining content to focus on what is absolutely necessary for achieving the desired outcomes. This method challenges instructional designers to critically evaluate each piece of content for its direct relevance and impact on learning objectives.

By removing extraneous information, learners are not overwhelmed with unnecessary details, allowing them to concentrate on the most critical aspects of their training. This focused approach not only makes learning more efficient but also more effective, as learners are not distracted by irrelevant information.

Streamlined content in Action Mapping aligns with cognitive apprenticeship models, where learning is focused on acquiring skills through guided experience and reflection. By focusing on essential content, Action Mapping supports a more efficient learning process, similar to cognitive apprenticeship. For more on cognitive apprenticeship, explore this resource.

Case Studies: Success Stories Using Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping

The effectiveness of Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping is best illustrated through various success stories and case studies. These real-world examples showcase how organizations have transformed their training programs, leading to significant improvements in learner engagement and performance outcomes.

From corporate training to academic settings, these case studies highlight the versatility of Action Mapping in different contexts. They demonstrate how this approach can be customized to meet specific learning needs and organizational goals, proving its effectiveness across diverse sectors.

These success stories not only inspire but also provide practical insights into implementing Action Mapping in various scenarios. For an in-depth look at how Action Mapping has been successfully applied, check out this article by Jahan Kay on LinkedIn here.

The Role of Scenario-Based Learning in Action Mapping

Scenario-based learning plays a pivotal role in Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping, bridging the gap between theory and practice. This approach immerses learners in realistic situations, challenging them to apply their knowledge in a controlled yet dynamic environment.

Scenarios are designed to reflect the complexities and ambiguities of real-world situations, providing a safe space for learners to experiment and learn from their mistakes. This experiential learning approach not only enhances problem-solving skills but also prepares learners for actual job challenges.

The incorporation of scenario-based learning in Action Mapping is a testament to its emphasis on practical application and performance-based outcomes. It ensures that learning is not just an academic exercise but a preparation for real-world action and decision-making.

Measuring Impact: Evaluating Learning through Action Mapping

Evaluating the impact of learning is a critical aspect of Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping, ensuring that training programs are not just educational but also effective. This evaluation goes beyond traditional metrics like completion rates or test scores, focusing on how the training translates into improved performance.

Action Mapping encourages the use of performance-based assessments, where learners demonstrate their ability to apply what they’ve learned in real or simulated job tasks. This approach provides a more accurate measure of the training’s effectiveness, directly linking learning outcomes to job performance.

By prioritizing measurable impact, Action Mapping aligns training with organizational objectives, ensuring that investment in learning and development yields tangible results. This focus on evaluation underscores the practical nature of Action Mapping, making it a valuable tool in any learning and development strategy.

Advanced Techniques in Action Mapping for Experienced Designers

For experienced instructional designers, Action Mapping offers a wealth of advanced techniques to explore. These techniques involve integrating complex scenarios, leveraging advanced technologies, and employing sophisticated assessment methods to enhance learning experiences.

These advanced methods are particularly effective in creating training programs that are not only informative but also deeply engaging and challenging. They push the boundaries of traditional instructional design, fostering innovation and creativity in the learning process.

Experienced designers utilizing Action Mapping can create highly customized and effective learning solutions, tailored to meet specific learner needs and organizational goals. These advanced techniques underscore the flexibility and adaptability of Action Mapping, making it a powerful tool in the arsenal of any seasoned instructional designer.

Integrating Technology and Tools in Action Mapping Strategy

The integration of technology and tools is a crucial component in the implementation of Action Mapping strategies. This involves leveraging digital platforms, interactive media, and data analytics to enhance the learning experience and achieve desired outcomes.

By incorporating technology, Action Mapping becomes even more effective in creating engaging, interactive, and personalized learning experiences. Tools like virtual reality, gamification, and adaptive learning systems can transform traditional training modules into immersive and impactful learning journeys.

This technological integration not only enhances learner engagement but also provides valuable data insights, enabling continuous improvement and customization of learning experiences. The use of technology in Action Mapping exemplifies its commitment to innovation and effectiveness in instructional design.

Exploring the Basics of Cathy Moore Action Mapping

It takes experience and technology to guide your SME team through the core of their training needs. I need to explain the basics of action mapping, how to group groups and how to do new action mapping with the old content-based approach. Before holding an SME meeting with Cathy Moore’s action mapping model, I plan to read her blog and find out that her model is a clear model that is not as easy to implement as it seems. [Sources: 10]Cathy Moore Action Mapping

Framework and Methodology of Action Mapping

Action mapping is a framework, method and process that helps leading designers design business training courses. The main goal of Action Map is to enable L & D teams and organizations design activities that increase the absorbing and retention of knowledge whether in training formats, including digital learning courses. To understand and implement action mapping, digital learning designers create courses that motivate learners with real activities that allow them to practice learning skills through simple presentations without throwing information in their faces. [Sources: 8]

Streamlined Process for Business Training Design

Action mapping is a streamlined process for designing training courses for the business world. It is a hotchpotch of performance consulting and backward design that focuses on behavioral assessment issues in the real world. Action mapping is effective in analyzing performance problems, finding solutions, and designing activities that challenge learners and help them practice learning knowledge. [Sources: 8, 9]

Historical Development of Action Mapping

Action Mapping is a popular design process used by learning designers and was developed in 2008 by Cathy Moore. Design eLearning presented action mapping as its design model and how it works for all kinds of in-company training, as shown in this workshop. [Sources: 9, 11]

Aligning Business Goals with Learning Design

Action Mapping encourages learning designers to identify measurable business goals as a first step in design learning. Action mapping is based on the premise that many e-learning and other training activities take place with real business objectives in mind. [Sources: 11]

Emphasizing Practical Application Over Information Delivery

When it comes to education design, the emphasis is on what people need to be able to do and not what they need to know to make a difference. This leads to activities that focus on education and not on traditional information presentation. If you follow Cathy Moore’s flow chart, you’ll find that exercise is not the answer. [Sources: 5, 11]

Addressing Productivity and Performance Goals

However, not all targets are productivity issues that can be addressed with training, and not all training can be done in VR. You may need to improve your course to achieve the performance goals your organization needs. The harder the training, the softer the abilities people have to mix behavior with goals. [Sources: 3, 10, 13]

Streamlining the Learning Design Process

Action Mapping is a design method developed by Cathy Moore to streamline and simplify the design process. It can be used to get your learning projects off the ground, manage the scope, and set the direction for your designs. Action mapping strategies involve strict controls on the selection of activities and games you offer in multimedia courses. [Sources: 0, 3, 7]

Focusing on Problem-Solving and Relevant Solutions

One of the first steps in action mapping is to focus on the problem at hand and the definition of the appropriate solution. As Moore suggests, measurable business goals help you design relevant activities, identify important content, evaluate success, and demonstrate the value of your education. If a training course is not designed at the outset with a goal or purpose in mind, it gives the opportunity to identify the information required to reach that goal. [Sources: 0, 4]

Bridging the Gap Between Designers and Business Objectives

This framework bridges the gap between 3D artists and SMEs in order to create effective, engaged and relevant learning. The focus is on alignment with business objectives and not just on providing information. [Sources: 0, 13]

Continuous Learning and Scenario Question Design

We pride ourselves on focusing on solving, and our book club makes us think more about what we could do differently to start our learning projects. Our tutorial designers have been working with Cathy Moore’s Scenario Question Design on the intricacies of mapping all of this, and they are joining workshops to discuss how they can improve their own scenario question designs. [Sources: 2]

Analyzing Performance Problems with Action Mapping

There is a specific performance problem in our organization. Our team believes in true cross-functionality and continuous learning and we have an open club for the entire company. Cathy Moore summarizes the action mapping process in Map It which provides a framework for analyzing learning problems and providing the right solution to each problem based on what we have read, including the stellar assessments we have found, so that we knew that we would find something worth investigating. [Sources: 2, 13]

Combatting Information Dumps in e-Learning

To answer your question, many e-learning users use passive information presentations or information dumps in which the cognitive involvement of the learner is zero. This is not always the case, but in a minority of situations it can be helpful to pass information on to people. Instead of including a lot of information in a quiz, Moore claims that action mapping leads to real actions that actually provide information. [Sources: 4, 6]

Targeting Essential Learning Objectives

Identify the business objective, focus the course on what the learner needs to know and add relevant information. In this way, you can incorporate essential

points and avoid the inclusion of additional, unnecessary information. [Sources: 4]

Real-World Scenario Creation for Effective Learning

When the course designer creates a situation in the real world, the job context notes are ready. They provide an accurate picture of the situations, dilemmas and decisions that the learner will face in real life. When creating activities, these notes will help you choose the right scenarios, the right avatars and the real personalities that students will encounter, decisions and predicaments to which they can relate. [Sources: 3]

Exercise Activities and Avoiding Information Dumping

This can lead to things like exercise activities and information presentation. Cathy explains that the action mapping model helps us to avoid information dumping and to create more activity centers for training. When you start action mapping, you have a list of what people need to do at work to achieve change, but you avoid jumping to what people actually need to know and then what they need to ask – which makes it difficult to do. [Sources: 5]


Cathy Moore Action Mapping by Dr Parvati Gala
Dr Parvati Gala

Action Mapping for ELearning


Action Mapping and Activity Design with Cathy Moore


Why eLearning Can Never Be Boring: Q&A with Cathy Moore

Action mapping: A visual approach to training design

Action mapping


ELC 047: The Action Mapping Alternative


How to use Action Mapping as a Framework for VR learning design


Dick-Carey Design Model

Dick-Carey Design Model

The Dick Carey model is considered to be one of the leading analyses of design, development, implementation and evaluation and the Addie model is popular in industry, business and academic settings. The popularity of the model can be explained by the fact that it is an easily readable text and the authors update it to reflect emerging I / O philosophies. [Sources: 0, 2]

We are looking to design a curriculum to help medical students gain knowledge and confidence in primary surveys using a design method known as the Dick and Carey model. The Dick-and-Carey model views teaching design as a system view of teaching, as opposed to viewing teaching as isolated parts. The model was first proposed in the 1978 book Systematic Design for Instruction by Walter Dick and Lou Carey. [Sources: 0, 6]

Similar to Kemp model, the Dick-and-Carey model concentrates on the interrelations between elements in the design process. In contrast to conventional models, the Dick-and-Carey system’s approach represents a curvilinear flow that is depicted as a one-way street arrow. [Sources: 4, 6]

At its core, the model deals with the relationship between educational content, context, learning behaviour and teaching methods. According to Dick Carey, components such as teachers, learners, materials, teaching activities, delivery systems, learning performance and environments interact and work together to achieve the desired learning outcomes for students. The model addresses teaching as a whole and focuses on the interrelations between context, content, learning and teaching. [Sources: 5, 13]

Dick Carey explains that components such as teachers, learners, materials, teaching activities, delivery systems, learning performance and environments all interact and work together to achieve the desired learning outcomes. [Sources: 13]

In the design of teaching, it is imperative to promote good design and good learning. The instructional design model helps instructional designers to understand abstract learning theories and enable applications in the real world. You can explore traditional models of teaching design, the development of learning design approaches and the creation of online learning experiences. [Sources: 4, 5, 10]

In this course you will be introduced to the systematic design and guidance process of Walter Dick and Lou Carey. It uses a model based on research and principles that are widely accepted in our field. [Sources: 1]

The Dick Carey Instructional Design Model is a nine-step process for planning and appointing effective learning initiatives. It is a detailed add-on model that provides for ongoing revision and iterative development. The Dick Carey Model is a nine-step process for planning education and development initiatives. [Sources: 14]

The Dick & Carey Instructional Design Model has five levels, while the ADDIE model adds depth and structure. While the D & C model focuses more on design and less on implementation, the ADIE model is based on iterative development and continuous revision of instructions. [Sources: 14]

The Dick Carey Model History is an overview of the Dick Carey Systems Approach Model developed by Dick Carey. This is the most widely used system approach in the teaching design process, which is considered as the interconnected parts or units that are considered as individual components of the model. Since 1996, its model has been a procedural system comprising ten important process components, nine basic steps and an iterative cycle culminating in the evaluation of the effectiveness of teaching. [Sources: 2, 11]

The process begins with the assessment of the needs of the institution, the definition of the objectives and the summary evaluation. The final process is designed to perform a summary evaluation of the value of the statement. The evaluation of the need for results is a description of the problem, its causes and the solution. [Sources: 2, 7]

Determine what the student should achieve at the end of the lesson. Perform a teaching analysis to determine what skills are involved and what is necessary to achieve the teaching objectives. Identification of entry-level behaviour: Identify the skills and attitudes of learners as they embark on the learning task. [Sources: 11]

In addition to the learning goals, you can also develop performance goals that describe the task, the process, mastery, and the criteria against which you will measure learning progress. Writing performance goals transforms the required goals of the task into clear goals. [Sources: 11, 13]

Identify teaching objectives that clearly describe how the learner should perform at the end of the lesson. Guidance goals should be general statements about what you are trying to achieve. You should describe how students will perform, not how you will do it. [Sources: 3]

Identification of entry-level behaviour: Identification of general traits of the learner, including skills, experience, motivation level and basic demographic traits related to the skill or subject being taught. Determine what is expected of the students at the end of class. Five practical tests developed on the basis of the curriculum are provided for as reference in Annex 3. [Sources: 3, 7, 9]

Walter and Dick Lou Carey made significant contributions to the field of teaching design by advocating a systemic view of teaching, as opposed to the view that teaching can be grouped or isolated into parts. Dick, Lou and James Carey developed a comprehensive and detailed process in 1978. [Sources: 3, 5]

The 2004 Dick Carey model is based on the behavioral assumption of a predictable connection between the stimulus and the response it elicits in the learner. In discussing the model, Boettcher et al. Walter Dick and Lou Carey describe themselves as “tochter bearers” (p. 164) of the system approach outlined in the earlier authoritative text Systematic Design of Instruction. [Sources: 12]

While much thought and work goes into the design process, the model may not be beneficial to teachers and businesses who do not have much time to design lessons. For example, a teacher can use the model to design, implement, evaluate and revise a lesson for the next school year. What works in the initial implementation may not work in the later course conversion. [Sources: 9, 11]

It has been shown that realistic medical simulations improve the performance of medical students based on assessment and management, and simulated trauma simulations can serve as a framework for how we implement our curriculum [4, 11]. The figure above corresponds to what SWbat students can do in many American classrooms at the time of this writing. [Sources: 7, 10]

The specific objectives of the lesson are detailed, such as whether students will be able to identify the purpose of the gunpowder. These details will help you ensure that you teach your students what matters in a lesson, such as what meant by a gunpowder plot to bomb Parliament. [Sources: 10]

Psycho-Motor Domain (Elizabeth Jane Simpson)

The book consists of a series of essays on visual cognition issues and provides an overview of cognitive processes in computers modelled on artificial intelligence and the brain organization studied in neuropsychology. This paper summarizes a model developed to classify educational objectives. [Sources: 4, 5]


The three domains of learning domains were formulated by researchers led by Benjamin Bloom in 1956, and Krathwhol introduced the affective domain. The field of psychomotor was developed by Simpson and revised over the years. It includes the motor domain, the emotional domain and the social domain, as well as the cognitive domain of the human brain. [Sources: 3, 4, 7]


The category of these areas is described in Simpson’s book “Psychomotor Behavior and Behavior in the Human Brain” (1983). It provides a comprehensive description of the motor and emotional domains of the human brain and the cognitive area. [Sources: 4]


E-domain is divided into sub-sections that reflect a very useful taxonomy known as the “taxonomy of educational goals” and systematically and logically classifies behavioral goals. The hierarchy of objectives in the observation process is often called taxonomies of the level address, and each of the three lists includes a learning goal. As the Sonmez model attains, the areas of understanding are the cognitive, psychomotor, and intuitive areas of education, but the concept of comprehension does not reflect an intrinsic separation of behaviors. Consider the use of a verb suitable for any cognitive area formulated by the teacher, such as “grasp,” “understand” or “understand.” I have divided this into three sections, each divided by a taxonomic level that has become a useful tool for evaluating learning and identifying learning objectives in education. [Sources: 4]


The way I describe my profession is a self-directed task that I dedicate my entire life to, such as teaching, research, writing, reading and writing. [Sources: 2]


The scheme of domains, or rather cognitive, affective and psychomotor, appears in the book “Psychology of the Mind” by Dr. David J. Schiller, Dr. and Mr. R. G. H. Smith. I am a psychologist, psychologist – psychiatrist, psychotherapist, neuropsychologist, psychiatrist – psychologist and neuroscientist. This includes a wide range of subjects such as psychology, neuroscience, psychology and psychology of language, cognitive psychology. [Sources: 3, 4]


My current practice focuses on factors that are relevant for normalization, such as cognitive, affective, and psychomotor factors. This first unit will prepare the learner to distinguish between the three domains of the mental realm and the other two domains, the cognitive and emotional domains. Don’t forget to get off to a solid start by making sure you have measurable goals in each of your three domain classes. [Sources: 0, 1, 4]


I use three hierarchical models to classify pedagogical learning and I divide the three categories: cognitive learning (cognitive), affective learning and psychomotor learning. [Sources: 4]


A teacher-formulated taxonomy of learning requires the inclusion of all three, but this is an arbitrary arrangement that seems best to reflect the way educators have had to behave in tradition and allies, and fit teaching goals. I present the field of psychomotor developed by Simpson (1966) as a way to include learning on an objective level. The authors found that the affective domain can be defined in the same way as the cognitive domain and its domains in care. This does not reflect that affective is in any way different from cognitive or cognitive domains, or even from the other three domains. [Sources: 3, 4]


I identified the field of teaching in 1956 and have identified it time and again since then, by thoroughly reviewing the educational objectives applied in practice. [Sources: 0, 3]


We investigated variations in the oryza organelle genome by inverting repeated segments and using the n – P, M and G genes. We also investigated the proposed quantitative separations of the genome using p-distance matrices, using a p-distance matrix. [Sources: 5]


The DUSP9 gene is on the X chromosome, but there is no pattern of embryonic lethality, suggesting that its function is independent of this gene. The double af – det – veg2-2amutation, which is known to influence inflorescence and flower development in peas, suggests that the increase in Stp activity in the leaf is due to an increase in its activity during placenta development. This mutation is the result of a mutation known as af, det, veG2, 2amutations, which affects leaf infusions, blooms and the development of peasant hormones whose functions are independent of these genes. Both in the oryza organelle genome and in a number of other organelles, an expansion of StP activity can be observed at the end of the embryonic cycle, which indicates that both D USP 9 and MKP4 fulfil essential functions during placemental development (Fig. 3). [Sources: 1]


This suggests that StP is involved in determining the floral meristem identity of peas and in the development of the flower and leaf shape of the plant. [Sources: 1]


The third type of subject is that we need to measure and organise the impact of the writing target on pupils “performance. Will students judge the effectiveness – the usefulness of a written object – by its ability to use the words “flower,” “flower” and / or “pea” in their writing? Expected performance must be divided into two categories: effective and non-effective (i.e. “effective” and “ineffective”). [Sources: 3, 4, 6]



Affective Domain (David Krathwohl)

Affective Domain (David Krathwohl)


Anne McGeehan’s Board on Affective Domain is a widely accepted nursing and training learning theory. Affective areas in nursing education are described in her book “Learning from MATHEMATICS with Nuria Gil – Ignacio.” [Sources: 11]


Bloom, Masia and Krathwohl, as the title suggests, were published in 1964 and dealt with the details of the second domain of the Affective Domain, detailing the relationship between the Affective Domain and the other domains of mental health in the human body. The account of Simpson’s psychomotor domain has been adapted and is based on the simplified account in Bloom’s book “Affective Behavior in Mental Health” (1964). [Sources: 2]


Note also that the above mentioned Psychomotor Domain is based on domain details created 1967 – 1970 by RH Dave, a student of Bloom, as well as on his own work. [Sources: 2]


The category of the domain is described below, and we provide a detailed description of each of these domains as well as an overview of their specific aspects. Here again, the Affective Domain Details, like the other areas, are an excellent tool for assessing and evaluating the ability of a learner or trainee to influence their own learning and learning outcomes. The inclusion of learning objectives from the affective area in addition to the cognitive area can create a more comprehensive simulation scenario and achieve positive results for the learning outcome of the students. [Sources: 0, 2, 4]


Forget about getting off to a solid start by making sure you have measurable goals in all three areas of the class. But don’t forget to have a measurable goal for each of these three domain classes. [Sources: 4]


This is commonly referred to as the flower taxonomy of the cognitive area (see also the taxonomy in the Handbook for Education Goals 1). Work on the cognitive domain was completed in the 1950s, and since then additional taxonomies have been created around it. [Sources: 0, 2, 3, 10]


A critique of the bloom taxonomy of cognitive domains acknowledges the existence of six categories in the cognitive domain, but questions the existence of sequential and hierarchical connections. Critics of a taxonomy for the cognitive field admit and question the existence of four categories, each with its own rules and rules of thumb. Criticism of aBloom taxonomies for a cognitive area acknowledges and questions the existence of sequential or hierarchical connections. [Sources: 5, 9]


One strategy I have followed in developing good discussions on these issues is to teach Bloom’s affective domain as an example of a cognitive domain, rather than as a taxonomy of cognitive domains in general. [Sources: 1]


The affective domain is one of three domains in Bloom’s taxonomy, the other two being cognitive and psychomotor. The domains are divided into 5 subdomains, including the reception of phenomena and the use of selected attention. There are five levels of affective domains that move from processing in the lower order to the higher order, from receiving, reacting, evaluating, organizing, and characterizing. To move from the simplest to the most complex, these five levels are attitudes cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. [Sources: 5, 6]


The concept of complete comprehension does not reflect an intrinsic separation of behavior, but is rather the field of learning. Each of the areas of learning has a related taxonomy, and all three lists cover learning objectives. The area of understanding, as the Sonmez model does, is the cognitive, psychomotor and intuitive area of education. This includes the use of logic, argumentation, logic and argumentation, as well as language and logic as a means of communication. [Sources: 4, 6]


The category of affective domain includes the ability to receive and respond to phenomena, as well as the use of language and logic as a means of communication. We act in response to phenomena we receive and respond to, which is closely related to psychomotor and intuitive learning. [Sources: 6, 7]


Table 2 outlines some examples of affective areas that can be used to write learning goals. Examples follow for verbs that have to do with attitude, as well as for the use of language and logic as a means of communication. [Sources: 6]


This observation process and the hierarchy of goals is often referred to as the taxonomy of the address levels. Affective domain taxonomy contains a number of taxonomies for different cognitive domains, such as language and logic. Consider a teacher who formulates a verb appropriate for each cognitive area. Part of Bloom Taxonomic is the classification of educational objectives, and this is considered an important part of a good teacher’s pedagogical approach. [Sources: 4, 6, 8]


Domain learning can be divided into three categories: language, logic and language acquisition, and other cognitive areas. The following examples show the different taxonomies for different areas of cognitive learning in affective domain taxonomy. Domain learning could be divided into two categories, language and logic (language) and cognitive domain (logic). The area of learning that can be classified into one of the three types of areas such as language or logic. [Sources: 6]